What is the EAC Declaration of Conformity?
The EAC Declaration of Conformity is a document confirming that imported products comply with safety and quality standards of the Eurasian Economic Union. These standards are defined in the “Technical Regulations of the Customs Union” (abbreviated as TR CU).
Legal basis of issuing EAC declarations are the following:
- agreement on common principles and rules of technical regulation by Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia from 18.11.2010
- board decision of the Eurasian Economic Union No. 319 from 18.06.2010
- board decision of the Eurasian Economic Union No. 620 from 07.04.2011
- board decision of the Eurasian Economic Union No. 293 from 25.12.2012
Declaration is valid in all member countries of the Customs Union. Since 2012 with the publication of the common technical regulations, these has started to replace the older national regulations such as GOST Standards.
Products that are subject to declaration are listed in the technical regulations of the EAEU. Here are some examples for various industries:
- Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on safety of machinery and equipment (TR CU 010/2011)
- Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on low-voltage equipment safety (TR CU 004/2011)
- Technical Regulation of the Customs Union on safety of pressure vessels (TR CU 032/2013)
The technical regulations contain a list of products subject to mandatory declaration.
The legal value of a declaration is equivalent to a certificate (enabling the import of products into the Customs Union). However, these documents are issued for different types of products and have some important differences:
- The EAC Declaration is issued on a standard A4 sheet, while a certificate is issued on a special official form.
- When issuing a declaration, responsibility for the provided information lies on the applicant. When issuing a certificate, responsibility lies on the certification body;
- A declaration is only issued if it is mandatory for the imported goods, while the certificate may be either mandatory or voluntary;
- While issuing a declaration, product quality testing can be provided by the applicant or by a test laboratory. But while issuing certificate, the production must be tested by an expert from an accredited test laboratory.
How to obtain an EAC Declaration?
The standard form of the declaration was established by the Eurasian Economic Commission with the Decision No. 293 on December 25, 2012.
An EAC declaration is prepared as follows:
- Our company analyses the documents prepared by the producer and determines which type of declaration the product is subject to accordance with the current technical regulations.
- Product documents are forwarded to an accredited certification body.
- Product samples may be sent to accredited labs for further testing.
- A laboratory examines the documentation and conducts product testing if necessary or reviews the results of tests conducted by the producer.
- Based on the documentation, a declaration draft is drawn up.
- The declaration gets filed and registered in a public unified register of declarations.
Production surveillance (yearly inspections) following the declaration are not required.
After the issuing of the declaration the products must be marked with the geometric black and white “EAC” symbol (Eurasian Conformity), which confirms that the products meet technical regulations requirements and have passed conformity assessment procedures.
Validity period of an EAC Declaration
A registered declaration can be valid up to 5 years, depending on the EAC conformity assessment scheme and product types. A declaration can be issued for serial production, a product series, or a single lot of goods.
After the declaration has expired, the applicant is required to keep the document for 10 years in accordance with the requirements of the Customs Union technical regulations.